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Open Access Highly Accessed Research

Chemotherapy and skin reactions

Gabriella Fabbrocini1*, Norma Cameli2, Maria Concetta Romano3, Maria Mariano2, Luigia Panariello1, Dario Bianca1 and Giuseppe Monfrecola1

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Clinical Dermatology, Department of Systematic Pathology, University of Naples Federico II, Via Sergio Pansini 5, 80133, Naples, Italy

2 San Gallicano Dermatological Institute, IRCCS, Via Elio Chianesi 53, 00144, Rome, Italy

3 ASL ROMA C - School of University Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy

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Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 2012, 31:50  doi:10.1186/1756-9966-31-50

Published: 28 May 2012

Abstract

Background

New chemotherapic agents and new protocols in oncology have led to an increasing survival rate in patients affected by tumors. However, this increased use has been accompanied by a growth in the incidence of cutaneous side effects and a worsening of patients’ quality of life. Appropriate management of skin toxicity associated with chemotherapic agents is therefore necessary for suitable drug administration and to improve quality of life and clinical outcomes.

Methods

We have clinically examined 100 patients affected by cancer, determining type, frequency, treatment, and evolution of side effects related to chemotherapy.

Results

The prevalent cutaneous side effects in patients undergoing chemotherapy are skin rash, xerosis, pruritus, paronychia, hair abnormality, and mucositis. The clinical cases are reported in detail.

Conclusion

Oncological therapies have become more selective and have low systemic toxicity because of their high specificity, but cutaneous side effects are common and may worsen the quality of life of these patients.

Keywords:
Chemotherapy; Skin toxicity; Follicular rash; Anti-EGF; Xerosis; Paronychia